Bavaria (German: Bayern) is the largest federal state (“Bundesland” or shortened to Land) of Germany, situated in the south-east of the country, and extends from the North German Plain up to the Alps in the south. Bavaria is what many non-Germans probably have in mind when they think about Germany.
Ironically, much of southern Bavaria has more in common culturally with neighbouring Austria and Switzerland than with the rest of Germany. This stereotype includes Lederhosen (leather trousers), sausages and lots of beer – Bavaria, however, has much more to offer to the traveller. Along with the Rheinland and Berlin, it is Germany’s most popular tourist destination – here you have a nkst with the most visited places in Bavaria – Enjoy!
Most visited places in Bavaria #1
Munich – München:
Munich (German: München, Bavarian: Minga) is the capital city of Bavaria. Within the city mits, Munich has a population of more than 1.4 million, making it the third-most populous city in Germany. Greater Munich including its suburbs has a population of 2.6 million. The Munich metropolitan region which extends to cities like Augsburg or Ingolstadt had a population of more than 5.6 million in 2008.
Munich, located at the river Isar in the south of Bavaria, is famous for its beautiful architecture, fine culture, and the annual Oktoberfest beer celebration. Munich’s cultural scene is second to none in Germany, with the museums even considered by some to outrank Berlin in quality. Many travelers to Munich are absolutely stunned by the quality of the architecture. Although it was heavily damaged by allied bombing during World War II, many of its historic buildings have been rebuilt and the city center appears mostly as it did in the late 1800s including its largest church, the Frauenkirche, and the famous city hall (Neues Rathaus).
Munich is a major international center of business, engineering, research and medicine exemplified by the presence of two research universities, a multitude of smaller colleges, headquarters of several multinational companies and worldclass technology and science museums like the Deutsches Museum and BMW Museum.
It is Germany’s most prosperous city and makes it repeatedly into the top 10 of global quality-of-life rankings. Munich’s ability to stay at the forefront of technological developments and maintain its cultural heritage is often summarized in the chracterization as a city of “laptop and lederhosen”.
Most visited places in Bavaria #2
Nuremberg – Nürnberg
Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia; it is Bavaria’s second largest city after Munich. It is situated on the Pegnitz river and the Main-Danube Canal. It is located about 105 miles north of Munich. Population (as of 31. January 2008) is 502,984. The town is also the Center of the Metropolitan Region Nuremberg.
When people think of Nuremberg, they usually think of gingerbread, toys, Christmas, the Reich Party Rally Grounds, or the Nuremberg Trials. But the old town of Nuremberg in the shadow of the towering imperial castle is more than that. Gothic churches, splendid patricians’ houses and romantic corners and spots. An atmosphere of lively co-existence between medieval and modern, between the past and the present, prevails in Nuremberg.
Most visited places in Bavaria #3
Füssen – Castle Neuschwanstein
Füssen im Allgäu is an enchanting town in Bavaria, Germany known for the Hohes Schloss and its Basilica and former Benedictine monastery of St Mang.
The world famous Neuschwanstein Castle is situated a few kilometres to the east. Some visitors come to tour the castles and leave immediately afterwards leaving the beautiful little town unexplored. This is a great pity as there is much to see in Füssen and the surrounding area if you know what you are looking for! There are magnificant lakes with beautiful views and the “Kalvarienberg” which has the “Stations of the Cross” on it.
Most visited places in Bavaria #4
Oktoberfest — The first Oktoberfest took place on the 12 October 1810, to celebrate the marriage of Prince Ludwig of Bavaria and Princess Therese of Sachsen-Hildburghausen. All citizens of Munich were invited to a meadow (Wies’n) situated in front of the city tower, subsequently renamed the Theresienwiese in honor of the bride.
In the early years of the fair, horse races were held, then as the event grew, an agricultural convention, which still takes place every fourth year, was added to the program. In 1896, businessmen working with the breweries in Munich built the first giant beer tents at Oktoberfest, and beer drinking has been the primary focus ever since.
Today, the Oktoberfest is the best known beer festival around the world and has been replicated on all continents. In 2011, the Oktoberfest hosted 6.9 million visitors from around the world who drank 7.5 million liters of beer and ate the equivalent of 118 oxes and 522,821 roasted chickens. At the center of the spectacle are 14 large beer tents, which are set-up along the Wirtsbudenstrasse in the northern part of Theresienwiese.
These have seating capacity of up to 8,500 inside the tent and additional hundreds or thousands of seats in the adjacent beer gardens. Here only beer of the 6 major Munich breweries (Augustiner, Hacker-Pschorr, Hofbräu, Löwenbräu, Paulaner, Spaten-Franziskaner) is sold.
Most visited places in Bavaria #5
BAVARIAN ALPS – Bayrische Alpen
The Bavarian Alps are part of the Alps and are located in Germany near the southern border of the federal state of Bavaria and continue across the border into Austria. The region is considered one of the most beautiful landscapes of Germany and ranks as one of the most scenic places in all of Central Europe.
This is where German or Bavarian stereotypes of lederhosen, dirndl, bratwurst, and glistening alpine peaks come true. Ironically it only composes less then 10% of Germany’s total area.
It is also a very rural area, abundant with wildlife, many glacial lakes and thick fir tree forests. It has much more in common, both culturally and geographically, with its southern neighbours Tyrol and Salzburg Province in Austria than with the rest of Germany to the north.
It is a place where traditions are still very strong and is also the birthplace of Pope Benedict.
Most visited places in Bavaria #6
The Romantic Road – Romantische Straße
The Romantic Road (“Romantische Straße” in German) is a popular tourist route through historical towns in southern Germany, from Würzburg to Füssen.
Cities and sights
- Würzburg: Most important sights are the Fortress Marienberg and the Würzburg Residence.
- Rothenburg ob der Tauber, which is well known for its well-preserved medieval old town.
- Dinkelsbühl: St. George’s Minster and St. Paul’s
- Augsburg: Town hall with the “Der goldene Saal”
- Füssen: Castles Schwangau, Neuschwanstein and Hohenschwangau
The towns of Dinkelsbühl, Nördlingen and Rothenburg ob der Tauber are the only towns in Germany which still have a completely established city wall.
The term “Romantic Road” was first used in around the 1950s in the American-occupied section of Germany. The name was initially known predominantly among American soldiers, who took their families on vacation there. The route is now popular with all nationalities. Signs can nowadays even be seen in Japanese.
Most visited places in Bavaria #7
Lying between the river Danube (Donau) and the Czech and Austrian borders is the Bavarian Forest (Bayerischer Wald). It is part of an unspoilt, heavily forested mountain region, that also includes the Šumava (Bohemian Forest) in the Czech Republic. Within the region, there are more than 60 peaks over 1,000 m (3,280 ft), the highest of which is the Großer Arber at 1,456 m (4,777 ft).
At the heart of the region is the Bavarian Forest National Park (Nationalpark Bayerischer Wald) woth an area of 24,250 ha (59,900 acre). Established in 1970, it is the oldest and largest national park in Germany. Abutting the national park and covering an area of 278,000 ha (687,000 acre) is the Bavarian Forest Natural Park (Naturpark Bayerischer Wald) and to the north of that, is the Upper Bavarian Forest Natural Park (Naturpark Oberer Bayerischer Wald).
Together with the Czech Šumava National Park and the surrounding protected area, these form the largest protected forest area in Europe. The area is a nature lovers paradise, with glacial lakes, stunning mountain view points, hundreds of kilometres of hiking and cycling trails and numerous opportunities for both downhill and cross-country skiing in winter. The region is also a renowned European glass-producing area. The Crystal Road (Glasstraße) is one of the most famous holiday routes in Bavaria.